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    Psychological Research ( Scientific )
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    Neevand Publishing was founded in 2009 with the aim of publishing valid books on psychology, psychiatry, education and related fields, and fortunately has been able to attract valuable and capable experts in this field and to publish more valuable books. Neevand publications hopes to take further and more effective steps in the advancement of psychology, psychiatry and education.
     
     
     
     
     

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    Recent Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - The Effect Of Cognitive Rehabilitation of Inhibitory Control on Hot Executive Functions: Risky Decision Making and Time Perception in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
      Batool Najjari Alamooti Javid  Peymani Maryam  Bahrami Hidaji Sheida Sodagar nahid Soomer havassi
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      Abstract: The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of inhibitory control cognitive rehabilitation on hot executive functions: risky decision making and time perception in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The resear More
      Abstract: The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of inhibitory control cognitive rehabilitation on hot executive functions: risky decision making and time perception in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The research design was semi-experimental with a pre-test, post-test and follow-up with a control group. The statistical population includes male and female students between 7 and 12 years old in elementary schools of Tehran in the academic year 2020-2021 who were suffering from attention deficit/ hyperactiv ity disorder. Among them, 30 students were selected by purposeful sampling method and randomly placed in the experimental and control groups. The SNAP-IV Questionnaire, the Computerized Task Risk Analogue Balloon (BART) and the Time Reproduction Computer Task were used to collect information. For data analysis, using SPSS24 software, variance analysis method with repeated measurements was used. The results showed that there is difference in the perfor-mance of the experimen tal group and the control group in the components of: risky decision making and time perception for long-term intervals (P<0.05). However, compared to the control group, no significant difference was shown between the time reproduction component for short-term intervals in the experimental group. According to the results structured games aimed at enhancing interference inhibition and responding can improve hot executive functions, risky decision making and time perception (long-term intervals) in students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - The Systematically Reviewing Studies Related to Academic Procrastination to Identify a Model and Theoretical Framework
      mojtaba beyrami parvin kadivar hadi keramati mehdi arabzadeh Javad Kavousian
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to systematically reviewing studies related to academic procrastination to identify a model and theoretical framework. This re-search was a secondary study and according to the implementation method was consi-dered as a systema More
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to systematically reviewing studies related to academic procrastination to identify a model and theoretical framework. This re-search was a secondary study and according to the implementation method was consi-dered as a systematic review. By searching in valid data-bases and studies that have dealt with the issue of academic pro-crastination from various aspects in the period of 2001-2021 and based on the PRISMA method, after identifying 1645 ar-ticles and screening 154 articles, among them 43 articles were selected for review.The results showed that predictors and correlators of academic procrastination were classified in five psychological approaches including: personality, contextual-environmental, cogni-tive- neuro-logical, emotional, and motiva-tional-volitional and categorized by internal and external consequences. The results of this classification led to the presentation of a comprehensive theoretical framework entitled the "Pentagon model of academic procrastin-ation" in which the inter-action between approaches and outcomes were emphasised. Based on these results, practical and research suggestions were provided for further research in the field of academic procrastination (passive and active(. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Reliability and Validity of the Short Form of the Reflective Function Questionnaire
      Fatemeh Arab Ali doosti محمود  دهقانی maryam roshan somayeh robat mili
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      The aim of this study was to validate or determine the psychometric properties of the Reflection Function Questionnaire. The statistical population of this study included all students of Payam Noor universities in West Azerbaijan (Miandoab, Shahindej, Bukan, Urmia) and More
      The aim of this study was to validate or determine the psychometric properties of the Reflection Function Questionnaire. The statistical population of this study included all students of Payam Noor universities in West Azerbaijan (Miandoab, Shahindej, Bukan, Urmia) and Tabriz who were studying in the academic year 2017-2018. Among them, 570 people were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling, and answered the 8-question Reflective Function Questionnaire (RFQ). The collected data was randomly divided into two equal parts (n=285) for exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The results obtained from exploratory factor analysis with principal components and oblimin rotation showed a two-factor structure which were named certainty and uncertainty. The amount of eigenvalue for certainty and uncertainty were 2.04 and 1.39, respectively. Also, the first factor (certainty) and the second factor (uncertainty) explained 25.56 and 13.42 percent of the variance of scores. The results of confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the bifactor structure (χ2=76.12, df=48, P=0.01; GFI=0.98; AGFI=0.96; CFI=0.98; RMSEA=0.03). Cronbach's alpha coefficients for factors were 0.78 and 0.76, respectively. In addition, the retest results for certainty and uncertainty factors were 0.76 and 0.73, respectively, and the composite reliability index for these two factors were 0.88 and 0.86, respectively. The results of Pearson's correlation to examine convergent validity with attachment styles and Emotion regulation difficulty showed that there is a significant relationship between these variables at the 0.01 level. Also, using the Fornell and Locker index, the discriminant validity of RFQ was confirmed. According to the obtained results, the validity and reliability of the Persian version of RFQ can be confirmed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Effect of Career Construction Counseling on Qualitative Changes in the Future Career Autobiography of Students
      Sayyedeh Fatemeh Mousavi parisa nilfrooshan
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      The purpose of this study was to investigate whether career construction counseling brings about qualitative changes in the future career autobiography of ninth grade female students. The statistical population consisted of all 9th grade female students in Isfahan city. More
      The purpose of this study was to investigate whether career construction counseling brings about qualitative changes in the future career autobiography of ninth grade female students. The statistical population consisted of all 9th grade female students in Isfahan city. Among them 54 students were selected by available sampling method who were randomly assigned to the experimental and the control group. The group-based intervention was performed in the experimental group in 8 sessions. Data as collected by using Future Career Autobiography FCA (Rehfuss, 2009) and as analyzed by performing Chi-square test, phi correlation coefficient, and narrative thematic analysis. The results of the Chi Square test showed that the difference between the experimental group and the control group was significant in terms of the number of changes in the future career autobiography (P<0.05). The results of narra-tive thematic analysis also showed that career construction counseling created narrative changes in students' future career autobiography. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Examining the Reliability, Factor Structure and Criterion Validity of Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale
      Alireza Azimpour Tayebe Rahimi Pordanjani 
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      In self-report questionnaires, possess social desirability bias can be seen. Then, assessing and controlling social desirability is one of the methods to promote the findings based from such questionnaires. One of the most popular instruments that assesses this bias is More
      In self-report questionnaires, possess social desirability bias can be seen. Then, assessing and controlling social desirability is one of the methods to promote the findings based from such questionnaires. One of the most popular instruments that assesses this bias is 13-items Marlowe-Crowne Social Desir-ability Scale (MCSDS; Reynolds, 1982). However, the Persian version of it does not have satisfactory reliability. In this study, using data from some previous studies among university students (N=1439) and data from a longitudinal study among them (N=90), the scale was revalidated. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis, correlation between items and total score, discrimination of the items, relaiability by internal consistency method and examinaing the criterion validity by compairing annonymouse and named questionaires, all were done among the first testing sample. In addition, test-retest reliability testing was done on the longitudinal study. Explanatory factor analysis has shown that the scale consists of three factors. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the three-factor model among the entire sample. Howevere, focusing on the meaning factor leaded ambiguity for naming of the items at any factor leaded ambiguity for naming the factors. In addition, criterion validity, internal consis-tency, and stability of the factors, also discrimination of the items, all questioned the reliability and the validity of the first and the third factors. It seems that they assess another things than social desirability. By omitting the first and the third factors, seven items were remained that are suitable to assess social desirability bias for the studies that use self-report questionairs. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Relationship Between Perceived Stress And Craving Usage with Predicting Relapse in Stimulants Users Mediated By Self-Control
      roya jalili Javad KHalatbari Hassan  Ahadai shohreh ghorban shiroudi
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between perceived stress and craving for consumption with predicting people's return to stimulants with the mediation of self-control. This research was method descriptive-correlative. The statistical More
      The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between perceived stress and craving for consumption with predicting people's return to stimulants with the mediation of self-control. This research was method descriptive-correlative. The statistical population of this research included all people who used stimulants, hospitalized in care centers in Tehran in 1400 (2019). For sample selection, 250 persons were randomly selected based on the structural modeling formula. In order to collect information, Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, Franken's Substance Craving, Wright's Substance Return Prediction and Tanji's Self-Control Scales were used. The analysis of the research data, using the path analysis method, showed that there is a positive and significant relationship (P<0.01) between perceived stress and predicting return to stimulants with the mediation of self-control and between drug craving and predicting return to stimulants with The mediation of self-control. Also, there were a negative and significant relationship (P<0.01) between self-control and predicting return to stimulants. Thus, it can be concluded that with increase in perceived stress and the urge to use, the return to use of stimulants increases and the amount of self-control decreases, and with decrease of self-control, the return to use of stimulants increases. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Effectiveness of Schema-Therapy on Eating Styles Happy Child and Healthy Adults Modes in Obese People with Binge Eating Disorder: A Single-Case Study
      Maryam Nourizadeh Mirabadi Marjan  Hoseinzadeh Taghvaee Reza  Moloodi Sheida Sodagar Maryam  Bahrami Hidaji
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effectiveness of schema therapy on eating styles and happy child and healthy adults Modes modes in obese people with binge eating disorder. The design of the current research was semi-experimental with a More
      The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effectiveness of schema therapy on eating styles and happy child and healthy adults Modes modes in obese people with binge eating disorder. The design of the current research was semi-experimental with a single case structure of ABA type. The statistical population of the study included obese women suffering from binge eating disorder who referred to a slimming clinic in Tehran in 2014-2016. The study sample consisted of eight obese women according to the inclusion criteria. Data collection tools included the Dutch Eating Styles Questionnaire (1986), the Young Schema Modes Questionnaire (2008) and a semi-structured interview. Schema therapy was implemented in form of 20 90-minute group sessions and 4 additional 45-minute individual sessions. The participants were evaluated 3 times in the baseline phase, 10 times in the intervention phase, and 8 weeks after the intervention, they were followed up 4 times every 2 weeks using the measurement tool. In order to analyze the data, the participants' scores were collected individually during the three stages of baseline, ten stages of intervention and four stages of follow-up, and then by using the trend chart and interpreting the ups and downs of the scores. Participants were visually analyzed in different stages of baseline, intervention and follow-up. Then, by using the effect size indices, the percentage of non-overlapping data (PND), and the percentage of improvement and the valid change index (RCI), the effectiveness of the treatment was determined. The findings showed that in most of the participants, in the intervention stage compared to the baseline stage the scores of efficient modes; The happy child and healthy adult had an upward and increasing trend. For all the participants, The scores of emotional eating styles all people and external for most of them, and inhibited eating styles also had a downward and decreasing trend. Also, the RCI index scores indicated the stability of schema therapy results in the follow-up phase. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Determining the Psychometric Properties and Measurement Invariance of The Couple Flourishing Measure
      Manouchehr  Rezaee Belal Izanloo Naser Abbasi Habibeh Bashirnezhad dastjerdi
      Issue 1 , Vol. 24 , Spring_Summer 2023
      A lot of research has studied couple satisfaction, but little attention has been devoted to the nature and measurement of flourishing couple relationships. On the other hand, current scales that measure relationship quality are lacking in sensitivity at the upper end of More
      A lot of research has studied couple satisfaction, but little attention has been devoted to the nature and measurement of flourishing couple relationships. On the other hand, current scales that measure relationship quality are lacking in sensitivity at the upper end of the assessment continuum which hinders progress towards understanding couple flourishing and measuring it. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to translate and study the factorial structure adaptability of The Couple Flourishing Measure (CFM) among Iranian samples. The statistical population of the present study consisted of married teachers of Zanjan province in 2022 among them, 429 teachers were selected by convenience sampling method. The findings of the parallel analysis, MAP test and the exploratory graph analysis in this study indicated a single factor structure of the CFM. Moreover, the outputs of the bootstrap analysis to check the stability of the factor structure confirmed the unidimensionality of the CFM. Analyzes based on the Item-Response theory confirmed the fit of the items with the graded response model and the slope of the items indicated the discriminating power of all questions which shows that all items had information. Furthermore, the analysis based on the Item-Response theory proved that all three forms of the CFM, respectively from long form to short form, provide the highest amount of information which indicated the approp-riateness of short forms among the samples studied too. The fit indices, Alpha statistic, composite reliability and AVE index in all three forms of the CFM were proper both in the whole sample and by gender. The square root of AVE index in the whole sample was equal to .826 which indicated the establishment of discriminant validity on the construct level. The results related to the invariance of the factor structure based on gender in the long form in four models: configural, metric, scalar, and strict models showed that the invariance is maintain-ed in all models. The couple flourishing variable had significant relationships with other variables studied in this research which indicated the convergent and divergent validity of the CFM. The findings of the present study proved that the CFM has good reliability and validity and is compatible with the cultural norms of Iranian society. Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Effectiveness of Forgiveness-Based Group Therapy on Depression and Psychological Distress Symptoms of Elderly Women
      parvaneh Mohammadkhani
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of forgiveness-based group therapy on depression and psychological distress symptoms of elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Theran. To evaluate the effectiveness of More
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of forgiveness-based group therapy on depression and psychological distress symptoms of elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Theran. To evaluate the effectiveness of for-giveness-based intervenetion, quasi-experi-mental design with pre-test, post-test, and three-month follow up was used. The statistical population consisted of all elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Tehran The sample consisted of 30 women meeting the research criteria who were ran-domly divided into control (N=15) and experi-mental group (N=15). Participants in both groups were assessed by Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Brief Symptoms In-ventory (BSI). After pretest, the experimental group met for a total of 8 forgiveness-based intervention sessions (2 hours each). Data showed a reduction in depression severity in experimental group (P<0.05). It also showed remission on Brief Symptoms Inventory subscales and its 3 total indexes, namely Glo-bal Severity Index, Positive Symptom Total, and Positive Symptom Distress Index (P<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that Forgiveness-based group therapy is an effec-tive intervention in depressed elderly women and could be useful in promoting mental health in this stage of life. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Predicting Marital Quality Based on Relationship Beliefs and Emotional Creativity
      Mahbubeh Amin ali akbar Soliemanian Ahmad Heydarnia
      Issue 1 , Vol. 21 , Spring_Summer 2018
      Abstract Hope and self-efficacy might play a constructive and important role in the sub-stance abuse recovery process and prevention of repeated lapses in the process of therapy. This research has been conducted with the aim of the examination of such a role by comparin More
      Abstract Hope and self-efficacy might play a constructive and important role in the sub-stance abuse recovery process and prevention of repeated lapses in the process of therapy. This research has been conducted with the aim of the examination of such a role by comparing hope and self-efficacy of addicts in mainten-ance methadone therapy who were without lapses and those with repeated lapses. This re- search was a causal-comparative design study. The population of the research consisted of all the addicts referred to the maintenance metha- done therapy centers of Khorramabad city in the first half of 1394 (2015). For this purpose, one group of 40 patients with repeated lapses and another group of 40 patients without lap-ses were selected by convenience sampling. They were asked to fill Hope and Self-Effi- cacy Questionnaires. Results of analysis of variance indicated that although the scores of hope were high in these two groups, there was no significant difference between them in this variable, and they were significantly different only in self-efficacy. It could be concluded that, in order to gain positive and maintaining therapeutic outcomes, in addition to high levels of hope, high levels of self-efficacy are also necessary. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Prediction of Schizophrenia Neuropsychological Characteristics Based on Social Cognition Aspects in a Non-Clinical Sample
      gholamhossein javanmard
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational d More
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational design of regression prediction. To do so, 200 university students (100 males, 100 females) were selec-ted by multistage cluster sampling from the two universities of Bonab city, East Azarbayjan province in Iran (Payame Noor and University of Bonab). Having any physical or psycho-neurological chronic illnesses was the elimi-nation criterion in the study. To collect data the 78-item scale of MMPI-2 for schizophrenia, Reading Mind from Eyes Test (RMET), and Alexithymia Questionnaire (FTAS-20) were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson's cor-relation test, linear regression analysis, and mul-tiple simultaneus regression analysis. According to the results, the predictive role of theory of mind and alexithymia in characteristics of schi-zophrenia were confirmed. Separately, theory of mind explained 19% and alexithymia explained 57% of the variance of neuro-psychological characteristics of schizophrenia. Studying the combined contribution of theory of mind and alexithymia in schizophrenic characteristics in-dicated that, among the two variables, only the predictive variable affecting features of schizo-phrenia was alexithymia (with beta=0.58). Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Effects of Ellis Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Promotion of Psychological Capital
      nila Elmy Manesh
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Abstract: Today, psychological capital is con-sidered as one of the important organizational intangible assets due to being teachable and in-fluencing occupational variables. The present study has investigated the effectiveness of Ellis intervention model on promotion o More
      Abstract: Today, psychological capital is con-sidered as one of the important organizational intangible assets due to being teachable and in-fluencing occupational variables. The present study has investigated the effectiveness of Ellis intervention model on promotion of psycholo-gical capital of experts working in industrial centers. Statistical population of the present se-mi-experimental research consisted of experts working in Iran Khodro Diesel Company from which a total number of 60 participants were selected using regular random sampling method and then they were assigned to experimental and control groups. After completion of Luthans’ Psychological Capital Questionnaire by both groups, the experimental group received training in 10 two-hour sessions using Ellis rational emo-tive behavioral method. The experiment was im-plemented in two other steps in order to collect post-test data and follow-up. The results of multi-variable variance analysis indicated that the scores of post-test and follow-up in hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience compo-nents were higher in experimental group who had been under Ellis intervention, compared to the control group. The results of univariate tests indicated that hope, optimism, self-effi-cacy, and resilience components were signi-ficant according to descriptive results and it consequently represents the sustainable effects of Ellis intervention in follow-up and increased effectiveness on optimism. Ellis intervention model and method has promoted the level of psychological capital in employees. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Effect of Semantic Relevance and Emotional Valence on Associative Word Recognition
      siavash talepasnd
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to inves-tigate the effect of semantic relevance and emotional valence on associative word recogni-tion. To do so, single design with a post-test was used. The population consisted of all students in Semnan University in 2013. Partici More
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to inves-tigate the effect of semantic relevance and emotional valence on associative word recogni-tion. To do so, single design with a post-test was used. The population consisted of all students in Semnan University in 2013. Participants were 80 undergraduate students (43 males and 37 females) from the two faculties of psychology and education, and engineering of Semnan Univer-sity, who were chosen via conventionce method. By making use of SuperLab software, partici-pants completed a computer test that offered pairs of words and also Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R). Analysis of covari-ance of repeated measurements was used. Findings indicated the effect of semantic rele-vance and emotional valence on associative words recognition (F=7/64, P<0/001). Whereas pairs of neutral words with semantic relation were presented, the highest recognition was ob- served, pairs of emotional words with no seman-tic relation brought about lowest recognition rate. The results showed that the semantic rela-tionship between pairs of words, compared to the emotional valence of them (positive or ne-gative), had a greater impact on recognition. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Explanation of Wisdom on the basis of Spiritual Intelligence and Religious Orientation
      rasool Kord Noghabi
      Issue 1 , Vol. 20 , Spring_Summer 2017
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of spiritual intelligence and religious orientation in explaining wisdom construct. Method of the present study was descriptive and correlational. Participants were 120 students of Bu-Ali Sina University More
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of spiritual intelligence and religious orientation in explaining wisdom construct. Method of the present study was descriptive and correlational. Participants were 120 students of Bu-Ali Sina University, Hame-dan. The measures of Religious Orientation, Spiritual Intelligence Inventory, and three scalese of wisdom including Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS), Adult Self-Transcendence Inven-tory (ASTI), and Fundamental Values Scale (FVS) were used. Multiple regression and Pear-son’s correlation methods were used to analyze the data. The results showed that in 3D-WS, the combination of components of spiritual intelli-gence and religious orientation explains 20 per-cent of wisdom’s total variance. No other signi-ficant relationships were found between other scales of wisdom and religious orientation; how-ever, they were significantly associated with spiri-tual intelligence. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - "Role of Childhood Maltreatment and Alexithymia in Predicting Borderline Personality Disorder: A Study in a Non-Clinical Population "
      Turaj Hashemi محمد امین شریفی Abbas Bakhshipour Majid Mahmoud Alilou Mansor Beyrami
      Issue 2 , Vol. 21 , Autumn_Winter 2019
      Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a multidimensional and heterogeneous disorder. Research has shown substantially in the last three decades that child abuse is a pathogenic factor for borderline personality disorder. The main purpose of this study was to predict More
      Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a multidimensional and heterogeneous disorder. Research has shown substantially in the last three decades that child abuse is a pathogenic factor for borderline personality disorder. The main purpose of this study was to predict the borderline personality disorder on the basis of childhood maltreatment and alexithymia, in nonclinical young adults. In this regard, 413 participants were selected using multistage sampling among all students studying in Tehran University. The Borderline Personality Scale (BPS), Child Abuse Self Report Scale (CASRS), and Toronto Alexi-thymia Scale (TAS-20) were used to measure variables. The raw data collected, was analyzed by structural equation modeling. The findings were similar to results of previous studies. The results indicate that theoretical model has a good fitness and childhood traumatic experiences (specially emotional abuse) and alexithymia are good predictors for borderline personality disorder. In addition, results revealed that alexithymia mediated rela-tionship between maltreatment and BPD symptoms Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Predicting the Tendency to Vandalism in Delinquents on the Basis of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Social/Emotional Maturity
      shahin ahmadvand
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the role of early maladaptive sche-mas, social maturity, and emotional maturity in predicting the tendency to vandalism in delinqu-ent teenagers. The sample consisted of 161 de-linquents that had committed vandalis More
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the role of early maladaptive sche-mas, social maturity, and emotional maturity in predicting the tendency to vandalism in delinqu-ent teenagers. The sample consisted of 161 de-linquents that had committed vandalism and were selected from among 652 male delinquents residing in correctional and educational centers in Tehran, Guilan, Mazandaran, Ardabil, West Azarbaijan, East Azarbaijan, Golestan, and Kho-rasan provinces. In order to collect data, Nikakh-tar’s Vandalism Questionnaire (NVQ), Young Early Maladaptive Schemas Questionnaire (YEMSQ-SF3), Rao Social Maturity Scale (RSMS), and Singh-Bhargava Emotional Matu- rity Scale (S-BEMS) were used. Results of multiple regressions showed that maladaptive schemas and social/emotional maturity vari-ables significantly predict the changes related to vandalism in delinquent teenagers. These findings indicate that the early maladaptive schemas and social/emotional maturity are effective variables in vandalism among delin-quent teenagers. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Comparative Effectiveness of Meta-Cognitive Therapy (MCT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Decreasing Anxiety and Worry of individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
      mina  Mojtabaei
      Issue 1 , Vol. 20 , Spring_Summer 2017
      The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and metacognitive therapy (MCT) on reducing anxiety and worry in persons with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The sample consisted of 25 persons with GAD who were randomly as More
      The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and metacognitive therapy (MCT) on reducing anxiety and worry in persons with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The sample consisted of 25 persons with GAD who were randomly assigned to two groups: CBT and MCT. The MCT manual for anxiety has 10 ses-sions and the CBT manual for anxiety has 9 sessions. In this study the participants received 45-60 minutes individual therapy sessions twice per week. They also completed Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Pennsylvania State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) pre-test and post-test. The results indicated that metacognitive therapy was more effective than cognitive behavior the-rapy in decreasing anxiety and worry (P<0.05); However, compared to cognitive behavioral the -rapy, metacognitive therapy, was clinically more effective in reducing worry only. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Role of Appetitive Motivation and Sex Differences in Inhibition Response to Food Cues
      emad ashrafi
      Issue 2 , Vol. 20 , Autumn_Winter 2018
      Appetitive motivation is the drive to eat to obtain pleasure in the absence of hunger. The present study aimed to compare women and men with high and low appetitive motivation in terms of inhibition to food cues. Utilizing a causal-comparative design, fifty-nine health More
      Appetitive motivation is the drive to eat to obtain pleasure in the absence of hunger. The present study aimed to compare women and men with high and low appetitive motivation in terms of inhibition to food cues. Utilizing a causal-comparative design, fifty-nine healthy and normal weight students with high and low scores in the Power of Food Scale (PFS), who were selected from 1300 students, performed a go/no-go task of food and non-food related pictures to measure inhibition. Factorial ANOVA showed that women with high appetitive moti-vation had higher commission errors in expo-sure to food pictures than non-food pictures. Decreased inhibition in women with high appetitive motivation could be the result of food cues that overstimulate appetitive motivation. - Manuscript profile
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    Number of Volumes 7
    Number of Issues 13
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    Last Update 12/6/2023